Avoiding Internet Crimes And Their Penalties

Be it for classes or social networks, a job or leisure, many people over the worldmake use of the web on a daily basis. Unfortunately, not everyone makes use of it with good intentions. Last year, the amount of money wasted on cyber offenses surpassed $550,000,000, over twice the loss from merely the year before. The following are a few of the most widespread online crimes, and ways you could steer clear of becoming a victim.

The most typical kind of cyber law-breaking is identity theft. This happens when a person sets up a site (or distributes a message directing recipients to the site) with the intention that the victim provides his or her personal information, including bank card numbers or SSN. The individual or group driving the con then uses your credit card for transactions, or with debit cards, deplete your account. This also can occur if you unconsciously saved a computer virus from a site or e-mail attachment. You’ll want to exercise caution prior to getting any kind of file from an unfamiliar website, and get some type of virus protection for the system. Additionally, keep clear of any unwarranted business enterprise proposals from individuals you don’t recognize. These are nearly always a sham, and people found in charge of producing and releasing viruses may face prison time.

One more net crime which could have an effect on several thousand people, even sizeable organizations, is hacking. Hackers use several ways to obtainpasswords and various other data with a purpose to replace a webpage’s information, send messages from other people’s names and gain access to your private data.

Based on the hacker’s intended victim, this may end in substantial and wide-spread trouble. In addition to several other consequences, this tends to result in a sentence of as long as 36 months of prison time; any individual endeavoring to get into a government page or network system can be looking at a full ten years in jail. Updating passwords regularly is a good technique to dissuade would-be online criminals, but every now and then this takes place despite the strength and durability of your attempts to preserve your computer.

San Bernardino DUI Lawyers

When arrested for DUI offence, the best person that you need to call is your San Bernardino DUI lawyer. A common mistake made by a majority of persons arrested for driving under the influence is to admit their guilt. Do this at your own peril. DUI charges are grave and the judge or jury you are likely to appear before will not give you two cent thoughts even if this was your first offence. Charges on DUI may vary from state and depending on whether you caused vehicular accident that resulted in injuries or fatalities. Never at one point should you fall for the old trick in the book for a plea bargain. Any legal advice should only come from your San Bernardino DUI lawyer.

There are several advantages that you stand to gain by hiring a DUI lawyer than deciding to go solo on the case. For instance:

If the arresting officer trampled on your rights when making the arrest or carrying out sobriety test, only your lawyer can be able to identify such faults. This if argued well by your DUI lawyer, chances of your case being thrown out are high.

You need to know that the burden of proof in your DUI case lies on the breathalyzer and the sobriety tests carried. Foremost, your DUI lawyer will want to know the effectiveness of the breathalyzer used. If it is poorly maintained, there are the chances it may not work properly. In addition, when carrying the sobriety test, your lawyer will want to know the conditions of the surroundings at that particular time. If there were oncoming traffic lights, it may have interfered with your visibility. If there it was windy or rainy chances you would not have passed even if you were sober. Such holes can only be poked by an experienced San Bernardino DUI lawyer.

Punishing Cyber Bullying

Not too long ago, a child could find refuge at home. Despite being made fun of at school for one reason or another, or not having anyone to play with at recess, a kid could go home at the end of the day to a family who accepted and loved him. Home was a safe place free from the other children who made fun of him. The bullies in the class would have to make an extra effort to bully outside of school. They had to pick up the phone, without their own parents being aware, and dial their target’s house for a prank call, or find a way to physically travel to their target’s home to ding-dong-ditch, or play some other prank without being seen in the neighborhood.

Social media has slowly crept into younger and younger generations’ lives in the past decade. Teens joined MySpace and instant messaged with friends, which allowed them to connect with friends virtually and outside of school. While this gave the opportunity to develop friendships without having to physically be in the same room as a friend, it also opened the door to advanced bullying. When Facebook became available to the general public and not just those in university, it took off. High scholars and middle scholars created accounts and added their classmates to their friend lists. Bullies were given the ticket to anonymity and invisibility.

In the virtual world, it is often difficult to judge a person’s reaction and tone. The comment could be intended to be sarcastic, but when just reading it off the screen, could be interpreted as serious. Feelings are easily hurt and arguments take off because of minor misunderstanding. In grade-school children, it is far too easy to post about a classmate and never fully understand how the post made them feel. Reactions are made and things are typed and sent before thinking of what they typed emotionally means. Kids will say things they would never say to someone’s face because they don’t see the tears, anger, or upset facial expressions of their peers when the interaction is online.

School administrations have to decide how to address this new type of bullying. In Massachusetts, schools have given police the reigns for how bullying should be punished all together. (See: ) Criminalizing bullying makes a huge impact in the lives of children. It is far too easy, especially with kids who are still learning about human relations, to make hurtful comments online. This could go on for a long time before a parent or teacher finds out. By then, it is too late. Someone has gotten hurt or the bullying has gone too far, requiring police involvement. What used to be punishable with a week of detention or suspension from school now has legal consequences.

When we think of children convicted of crimes, we imagine a juvenile detention center full of uncontrollable young adults who are at their last resort of restraint. Do we really want to group a child, who is perhaps the victim of bullying himself, who has bullied a classmate in the same category as a child who killed another? Massachusetts says yes, make them criminals. Don’t give them the benefit of the doubt anymore by allowing school authorities to handle the situation, send them straight to the police.

While the victims of bullies are often traumatized by the taunts they face, the bully will be equally traumatized in being accused of a crime. An attorney must be hired putting financial strain on the family, court appearances require missing work and school, gossip in the school about the case will leave the child will be stigmatized. All of these are things anyone accused of a crime will go through. The difference is an adult accused of a crime has developed emotionally and is supposed to know what is acceptable to society and they are able to cope more than a child in the same situation would. So why does Massachusetts suddenly think it is ok to treat a mistake as a crime? One student committed suicide and the legislature responded, dramatically. While these students certainly did take their bulling too far, should they really be the ones responsible for the death of their classmate?

Is Government Taking Stronger Steps to Reduce Cyber Crimes?

In the environment of risks and uncertainty, there are more possibility of crimes and corruptions. This is due to the new inventions and modernization of technology. The effects of these changes are assisting the people of corrupt mind to instill or evolve new ways or methodology to commit the faults. They develop latest techniques and new way to apply on the victims. The modern lawbreaker are so expert and knowledgeable that they carry out the faults in such a way that they don’t leave any identity marks after committing the felony. So the investigation and verification of them becomes a tough work for the law enforcement agencies to identify the felony. But, latest trends are making use of computer technology to do unlawful acts by using the internet. This has become an effective and remote way to carry out frauds and faults. In the present scenario, these are taken up as the cyber crimes, a most popular term which is very commonly observed in almost all the latest felonies. Cyber crimes have become an impregnable way immensely followed by expert offenders.

What are the cyber crimes?

This relates to the faults committed by using internet on the computer where computers are targeted to retrieve any vital information or secret data. In this type of offences, usually lawbreaker intends to attack other computers by spreading certain kind of viruses. In the other kinds , computer are utilized as the weapon where computer is used to create the frauds like credit card , banking attacks or online purchase where such frauds are committed in big way. In addition, computers are used as the an accessory to store such information and data’s. These are used to store the illegal or stolen information of the victims.

Recent survey depicts that teens are also more involved in such acts, they find computer as the easy and intelligent way to commit illegal acts and becoming expert to do online frauds. This is due to the apprehension that they can’t be traced and identified. So, more teens are getting attracted to computer faults There are numerous hacker tools came in the market which are so popular and unique way to expert a fraudster to learn the technique to commit the crimes without much efforts. Usually teens carry out these activities to get the fun on line, but when they get little financial gains by doing these activities at the smaller scale then they get more courage to practice these activities at the large scale and it increases the involvement of teens in the cyber offences. In the modern society, cyber space has become vulnerable to commit felonies. In the latest crimes, cyber techniques are used to do the threatening emails or spam mails which is the new way to do the frauds. So in the real term, this has become a threat full and dangerous environment where cyber offences have put a question on the safety and security of the secret information and valuable data’s.

Government actions

This has become a serious issue before the government. Since the safety and security of any information have been a difficult point. The critical effects of them are breaking of computer passwords and hacking of computers to steal the secret information. Government alone is unable to have the solution to such unlawful acts, so government has invited many organizations to work on the schemes brought out by them. Government has formed committee for internet related issue (CIRP) which has brought out standard policies to look for all the internet related problems and disputes.

These acts involve the traditional crimes like thefts, frauds, mischief’s, forgery and defamations which are subject to IPC. These are regulated by the cyber laws. These laws are having the prosecution for all kind of cyber commitments which involves the illegal cyber activities like unauthorized access & hacking of computer, Virus and worm attacks, Trojan attack. Email, spoofing, spamming and bombing, defamatory emails, email frauds, IRC attacks and service attacks. Although, government is taking every possible step to curb the rise, but modern acts are out of the reach of the cyber laws, This is clear from the facts that the government steps are not strong enough to reduce the such acts, so government need to evolve a new strategy and strict policies to have the effective law enforcement of the cyber criminals.

Conclusion

It is conclusive that government is not having the strong laws and enforcement actions to reduce or minimize the cyber offences. The existing rules and law are not enough to remove the illegal works from the society.

How to Look Out For Business Fraud And Help Your Business?

Whether you are in your own country or in foreign land, you will often hear about corporate frauds happening every now and then. Business world today is far more complicated than before mainly because of the new technologies and government policies and practices that are involved. No wonder people turn out for ways to make easy money and search for effective business sham which they hide such sham plans with various causes. However, it is important that you have a business fraud investigator in your firm if you feel something is not happening the right way. Business isn’t an easy task to handle, an employer has to look and manage several company departments and all this never gives them enough time to scrutinise the business or corporate frauds emerging in your company.

On the other hand, there are many business owners that fear that exposing the business sham in the company can lead to bigger problems in the future as the news might get leaked in the market and get printed in the newspapers and that can ruin the reputation of the firm. However, there are many lawyers and solicitors that handle corporate fraud and business fraud cases privately and the basic structure of the investigation is all about questioning the employees and executives of the company randomly. The questions that these investigators ask are all connected to the company sham and finally their findings help them reach the main culprit involved in the company sham

The investigation also goes on secretly with the help of IT staff that can provide all the data and information that will be used to trace and find where and when the fraud has happened. This way, the culprit is identified and at the same time, the company can formulate better policies so as to plug in the business loopholes thereby helping them prevent such shams from arising in the years to come. No one is spared from the heat of investigation and every person is questioned which causes a stressful atmosphere in the company. A lot of information gathered while the investigation process is kept confidential which is the best thing about corporate fraud investigation and therefore you can be sure that your corporate trade secrets and information are safe and secured .

When you are looking for help on corporate and business fraud you will need to look out for experts that can provide you with better information and expertise. A lawyer who has several years of experience would be your best choice. Though the US corporate frauds are handled by the federal agencies, but when it comes to private companies, they are free to hire private corporate fraud lawyers to solve their case with great attention and care. Corporate and business fraud usually focuses on various issues like money laundering, tax evasion, bribery, bank fraud, commodities fraud and even financial violations. Some of the executives that are involved in corporate and business fraud are also involved in tax violations, inflating revenues and falsification of financial documents and information and misuse of corporate property and conspiracy against the corporate firm.

Cyber Stalking Facts

Cyberstalking is a recent form of criminal behavior involving persistent threats or unwanted attention using the Internet and other means of computer communications.

With more and more people going “online,” the opportunity to target someone on the Internet is becoming limitless. Cyberstalkers visit chat rooms, discussion forums or message boards in search of victims. The range of cyberstalking can range from aggressive and hostile email, chat room bullying, leaving abusing messages in guest books to sending e-viruses, tracing a victim’s computer and identity theft.

Like regular stalkers, cyberstalkers want to intimidate and control their victims. Cyberstalkers do it with the use of the Internet. The Internet can be used to trace the victim’s real name and address. For instance, it is remarkably easy to find out what party a victim is planning to attend and when by checking the information on a site such as Facebook.

The use of technology makes locating a victim easier than ever before. Anyone can type in certain key words into the computer which will bring up a myriad of internet datafurnishing companies that supply private records and information online, either free or for a nominal fee. The internet can do what private detectives of the past only dreamed of doing.

States are attempting to deal with this new form of criminal behavior. Early in 2009, the state of California enacted a set of new stalking laws. These laws make it a misdemeanor to publish information on the Internet which describes a teacher or his or her family or mentions where the teacher lives with the intent of having another person commit a crime against that teacher. The penalty is up to one year in prison and/or a $1,000 fine. This law can also be invoked to protect people other than teachers against cyber-threats. It is now considered a misdemeanor in California to place any person in fear of his or her safety by means of Internet threats and threats using cell phones, PDAs, video recorders or pagers.

Several cases of cyberstalking have been prosecuted under California’s new cyberstalking laws. In the state’s very first case, the state prosecuted a man who used the internet to impersonate his victim, a young woman who’d spurned his attentions. Pretending to be the victim, the man posted her phone number and address and stated that she had rape fantasies she wanted fulfilled. Strange men started to show up at the victim’s apartment ready to rape her and became angry when she refused. The cyberstalker was sentenced to six years in prison.

In another case, a graduate student from the University of San Diego cyberstalked five female students for a year. He sent hundreds of threatening emails. The graduate student was arrested and sentenced to six years in prison. He told police the women were ridiculing him. The victims, in fact, had never met this man.

Prior to California’s anti-cyberstalking laws, the crime was difficult to prosecute. Deidre Des Jardins, a student at UC-Santa Cruz, started getting violet emails from her ex-boyfriend. Some threats were directed at her, others dealt with violence in general. Local law enforcement agents were unable to do anything since the act of cyberstalking had not been clearly defined as a crime. The campus police, also, were unable to act, even though the threatening emails continued for several years. Deidre was told that since some of the messages dealt with violence in general and not specifically with her, it didn’t fit the definition of cyberstalking. Her ex-boyfriend was never arrested.

Cyberstalking can evolve into real-life stalking where the victim is harassed by excessive telephone calls, vandalism, trespassing and even physical assault.

Some cyberstalkers know their victims. Others have some kind of imaginary connection to the ones they stalk. It is not unusual for a celebrity cyberstalker to become violent when his fantasy is threatened. In a recent news story, a cyberstalker sent cyberthreats to a Knox County state’s attorney because the stalker believed that the state’s attorney was interfering in his relationship with model Cheryl Tiegs. The cyberstalker was obsessed with Tiegs and had been stalking her for years. She had never met him. The relationship existed in the cyberstalker’s mind only.

Cyberstalking is a real threat. Due to limited laws, the only real defense to use caution when revealing personal information on the Internet. The less, the better.

The Overtime For Exempt Employees

According to the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), some employees are exempt from the payment of an enhanced rate of pay for each hour over forty (40) in a work week, also known as ‘overtime’. While employers are not required to compensate otherwise exempt employees, some employers choose to pay additional compensation to exempt employees for additional work. In order to keep the exemption, employers need to provide this compensation carefully and in compliance with applicable laws.

Pursuant to Section 541.604 of the FLSA, an employer may provide an exempt employee with additional compensation beyond the employee’s regular salary without losing the exemption or violating the salary basis requirement, if the employment arrangement also includes a guaranteed salary of at least $455 per week, without any deductions for additional compensation may be in the form of a bonus, flat sum, additional time off, or time and a half or straight time pay for all hours the employee works beyond a normal work week.

The normal work week can be defined by the employer as it determines is appropriate for the salaried employee and does not have to be in accordance with the requirements of the FLSA. Therefore, an employer can determine how many hours it wants to declare constitute a normal work week for salaried employees. For instance an employer can have a policy that it will only pay straight time to employees for all hours worked over 50 hours per week, not the 40 hours as required for non-exempt employees.

The Federal Acquisitions Regulations (FAR) state that the use of uncompensated overtime, “hours worked without additional compensation in excess of an average of 40 hours per week by direct charge employees who are exempt from the Fair Labor Standards Act, is not encouraged.

Furthermore, if you are not going to pay overtime to overtime exempt FAR Regulation 37.115-2 states that when professional or technical services are acquired on the basis of the number of hours to be provided, rather than on the task to be performed, the solicitation shall require offerors to identify uncompensated overtime hours and the uncompensated overtime rate for direct charge Fair Labor Standards Act-exempt personnel included in their proposals and subcontractor proposals. This includes uncompensated overtime hours that are in indirect cost pools for personnel whose regular hours are normally charged 37.115-2.

This section suggests that under FAR the payment of overtime for exempt employees is encouraged when the contract is based upon time and materials. The FAR regulations also require that contractors abide by federal wage and hours laws regarding the payment of overtime to non-exempt employees.

Compensating exempt employees as non-exempt by paying customary time-and-a-half pay can lead to a termination of the exemption and legal action against the employer.

An exempt employee is “exempt” or excused from the overtime pay requirements. Exempt status little to do with the actual job description or title, but rather focuses more on the duties and responsibilities of the employee. Though the definition may vary by jurisdiction, an employee is usually exempt if they have more responsibilities than the average employee, and if they perform tasks that are more managerial in nature.

Exempt employees are not required to punch a clock. The FLSA does not place limits on the amount of time that an employer is allowed to require an exempt employee to work. Again, state laws may have different requirements from the FLSA.

Therefore, such employees are exempt from being paid overtime because it is assumed that the worker is working rather independently and has more discretion in the execution of their tasks. For example, if the person is involved in hiring and firing duties, they will likely be classified as exempt.

Certain categories of workers are automatically listed as exempt, including administrative personnel, executives, highly skilled workers, and licensed professionals such as doctors and engineers. Also, even if an employee is not specifically listed as exempt, they may fit into an overtime pay exemption category based on what their daily responsibilities involve.

Follow Safety Posters For Safe Life

Everyone wants to be safe at workplace or home or roads. Awareness keeps us safe from any hazards. Safety posters can raise awareness among us. We always fall in trouble for lack of awareness. Every ear many serious workplace and road accidents occur. In most of cases our personal negligence is responsible. Many countries have inaugurated laws for putting labor safety posters and road safety poster.

Posters can attract one’s attention very quickly. We often watch for poster at different places. Most of them are for business purposes. Some posters are hanged for safety and rising awareness. Theses posters are known as safety posters. It is observed that safety posters are very effective, as it catches eye very fast. Most law enforcement authorities have introduced law for putting safety poster at workplaces, roads, construction sites etc places. Some examples of workplace posters are payday notice, access to exposure and medical records, smoking policy, family rights act notice, minimum wages of the employees, notice to employees unemployment benefits of insurance, whistle blower protection act, emergency contact number, , harassment or discrimination in employment, etc. These all things can be put in a same poster. These posters tell you to be safe, conscious to make a better workplace. It will help to reduce accidents.

Every employer is bound to follow the rules strictly. They should arrange safety equipments for each employee. If they fail to do so their organization will be close by force. The US Department of labor has made posters mandatory at workplaces. For example, in California labor law posters should be stuck at different places of building where employee can easily notice them. In California, employers screw Policies and set of laws related to work and they all are mentioned in the Calif. parturition law posters. Employers are really haunted some all the laws and obligate these laws into their businesses so that employees do their duties completely to regain the acting goals and similarly these laws eliminate the employees semiconscious of these other receive laws posters upsetting them. Experience laws are intense in every state in the group, and America is no waiver as is sufficiently displayed by the state labor law posters. Birthing law posters connected with the workplace has all the laws with publication to an activity.

No one can protect you if you are not aware. Government will do whatever is possible. But the main duty is yours. So, keep yourself and others safe.

Why Should Be One Aware of Check Scams And Scammers?

In today’s world, everyone is behind one goal, which is to make quick money. Many people do not have creative ways to make money. They are creative but in a negative sense, they do frauds and all types of swindles that one should not get involved into. People who do these types of frauds are very much aware of the rules hence they play by the law and make their own rules and system, which is unlawful. The people who suffer from these frauds often say that they did not find any type of risk with the dealings, which caused them the fraud. Thus, awareness is very important among people who want to be safe and do not want to be involved in any such scams. There are many types of swindles such as check scams.

Check scams is common nowadays due to the fact that people are not aware about the procedure, which goes on in bank and the type of check which is being issued. The only way to check is with the bank to get the correct information about the account holder and the transaction. People who do such type of swindles are scammers who know every thing about the system and ways to play with it. The important thing to note is that whenever you deal with check, always remember to check with the bank the background of the person and his/her previous transactions. This is not as easy as it looks but when you provide the bank with reasons for the same, the bank will provide you with the correct information and the type of transaction history the person holds.

One has to take care of various things while accepting checks. You should check that the amount is not above the actual cost of the merchandise that you are selling. In addition, always question the reliability of check, which has a huge amount stated on it. Now the important part comes into play, always check whether the account is in the name of the person who is providing the check, because in some cases, the check might be stolen and the signature can turn out to be fraud. Even after the clearing of check, the real owner of the account can stop the payment or after its clearing, the bank can declare the transaction as fraud.

Best Attorney Take Responses to Computer Crimes

Computer crimes been very rampant in the community and this is indeed alarming to the public especially to the businesses involving financial companies which situation their data warehouses online. Most of the victims of the computer crimes or commonly known as the cyber crimes were the financial institutions and companies. The financial information of the public, for the criminals doing cyber crimes were the essential bloodline of their task.

What does this criminals do to the financial accounts? On line financial statements and details were the main access to the assets and property of a certain individual which became the victims. Most of the individuals were using access to the Internet and computers for online transactions where being offer private material and perhaps do affordable goods and reasonable opportunities. If your private assets goes in wrong possession and you become divided or you begin getting extravagant emails or your e-mail thought gets chock-full with extra mails; indicates you have become a victim of computer crimes.

Best attorney was speaking about the legal matter involving these crimes. Protecting the identity and securing private details is very essential to cut off the motif of the individuals to commit computer crimes. If you are having trouble to the financial company where you invested you property always seek for legal attention with the best attorney right away. The expertise of the lawyers with the focus to the cyber law is essential to take a good response prior to your case and complaints.

Cyber-Theft is the use of computers and network methods to take information and sensitive personal details in e-mail. Many announcements on the Internet offer the individuals with free guidance indicating investments where they should invest. Sometimes these guidance are totally bogus and cause reduction to the individuals. Charge card cons is also very typical.

Most of the organizations and financial corporations don’t display that they have been the people of online -theft because of the fear of sacrificing customers and talk about conditions. Cyber-theft is the most typical and the most unveiled of all cyber-crimes. Cyber-theft is a frequent cyber-crime because it can easily take qualified cyber-criminal big money due to very little work. Furthermore, there is little possibility an experienced cyber-criminal will be caught by law enforcement.

Always consider the to best attorney handle this like cases. In addition protecting you own properties is essential and you must start it by protecting your own identity again ts cyber-theft.